WHITE PAPER – Commitment of Listening

by Anthony V. Zampella

At its fullest, listening consists of a radical openness of mind, heart, and will that expands awareness of self, focuses attention on others, and generates meaning from deeper intention.

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WHITE PAPER – Servant Leadership

by Anthony V. Zampella

The more I study, teach, and practice, the more I return to Servant Leadership as a natural model for inspiring humans to achieve together. Servant leadership may be the most potent, personal and public of all the models as it involves a deep history and embraces a full range of the human condition. This paper explores servant leadership in our era of increased complexity and disruptive change.

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WHITE PAPER – Developing Leaders in the Classroom

by Anthony V. Zampella

This paper explores pedagogy for developing leaders, and the exercise of leadership within an academic setting. Quite apart from conventional education that offers greater understanding and knowledge about a subject, our method of ontological inquiry offers learners access to the being of that subject. This draft White Paper shares the method, practices, and experiences of our “leadership development” model delivered for five semesters in the Business School at Rutgers University.

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WHITE PAPER – What is Coaching? Why Retain a Coach?

by Anthony V. Zampella

Coaching has emerged — as a methodology, role, and product — in response to our inability to cope with increasing change and complexity in the social, cultural, technological, and professional domains. These changing demands impacted life, performance, and leadership. This paper examines the field of coaching as unique, as it moves beyond the rational, embodies dynamic learning, engages generative language, and adopts a future orientation.

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WHITE PAPER – Rethinking Leadership in an Information Era

by Anthony V. Zampella

How do leaders prepare organizations for change in this high-speed Information Age? Although this might appear to be the reasonable question to pursue, a more fundamental and urgent question surfaces: How is the Information Age — with its perpetual saturation of information — reshaping what we mean by leadership itself? In this paper Anthony Zampella explores the conditions present in the Information Age, and how they impact our understanding of leadership.

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The Power of Presence: What Actors Can Teach Leaders

by Christopher von Baeyter

Christopher von Baeyter is a professional actor, consultant and presence coach who has designed and delivered programming for the Ariel Group and Boston Consulting Group since 1996.

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Transformational Leadership

by Dr. John Hinchcliff

This article explores transformational leadership as a vast topic that covers everything we want to imagine as being changed for the better, and as our capacity to dream different dreams and see different visions.

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The Integral Approach

by Ken Wilber

This article explores integral thinking and the four-quadrant model as developed by Ken Wilber.

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Creating Quality Communities

by Peter M. Senge

We are losing ourselves as fields of dreams. To regain our balance, we must create alternative ways of working and living together.

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Lifework of David Bohm — River of Truth

by Will Keepin, Ph.D

This paper details the work of one of the world’s greatest contemporary physicists, David Bohm. His profound contributions to science and philosophy have yet to be fully recognized and integrated on the grand scale that they deserve. This review attempts to summarize the fascinating contributions that emerged from Bohm’s passionate quest for truth and to outline their growing impact on other fields. In what follows, it is not necessary to have a background in physics, although a basic familiarity with science will be helpful.

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The Opening of the Western Mind

by Julio Olalla

There are many signs that a major shift in consciousness is already under way, pointing to what we might call the opening of the western mind. In this paper, Master Coach and ontological designer, Julio Olalla explores philosophy from thinkers such as Martin Heidegger, Hans-Georg Gadamer, Willis Harman, and Ken Wilber, to reveal a new brand of thinking that is emerging.

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The Being of Leadership

By, Wiley W Souba

This article contends that a realigned leadership framework – one that distinguishes being a leader as the ontological basis for what leaders know, have, and do – is central to safeguarding medicine’ s ethical foundation. Four ontological pillars of leadership – awareness, commitment, integrity, and authenticity – are proposed as fundamental elements that anchor this foundation and the basic tenets of professionalism.

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The Blind Spot of Leadership: Presencing as a Social Technology of Freedom

By Otto Scharmer

In the process of conducting our daily business and social lives, we are usually well aware of what we do and what others do; we also have some understanding of the process: how we do things, the processes we and others use when we act. And yet there is a blind spot. If we were to ask the question, “Where does our action come from?” most of us would be unable to provide an answer. The blind spot concerns the (inner) source from which we operate when we do what we do—the quality of attention that we use to relate to and bring forth the world.

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Integral Spiritual Intelligence: Integral Theory (also called AQAL theory) and its relationship to Spiritual Intelligence and the SQ21™ Assessment

By Cindy Wigglesworth, President, Deep Change, Inc.

Why do we need to understand Spiritual Intelligence? Cindy defines Spiritual Intelligence as “The ability to behave with Wisdom and Compassion while maintaining inner and outer peace (equanimity) regardless of the circumstances.” Wisdom and Compassion compose the two pieces of loving behavior (more on this below).

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Spiritual intelligence: definitions and measurements

Barry Smith, Fielding Graduate University

Spiritual intelligence is a new concept first discussed in 1999 by Robert Emmons and Zohar & Marshall. The concept has gained momentum and now several instruments have been developed to measure it. The instruments available today are listed and recommendations given based upon evaluation. Spiritual intelligence can be developed and is shown to be very beneficial for leadership and organizational performance.

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Theory U: Leading from the Future as It Emerges – Summary Overview


A 2-page summary overview of Otto Scharmer’s book, Leading from the Future as It Emerges. Using his experience working with some of the world’s most accomplished leaders and innovators, Scharmer shows in Theory U how groups and organizations can develop seven leadership capacities in order to create a future that would not otherwise be possible.

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Theory U: addressing the blind spot of our time


A 19-page executive summary of Otto Scharmer’s book, Leading from the Future as It Emerges. Otto Scharmer introduces readers to the theory and practice of the U process, based on a concept he calls “presencing.” A blend of the words “presence” and “sensing,” presencing signifies a heightened state of attention that allows individuals and groups to shift the inner place from which they function. When that shift happens, people begin to operate from a future space of possibility that they feel wants to emerge. Being able to facilitate that shift is, according to Scharmer, the essence of leadership today. At the end of this Executive Summary you will find more complete coverage of how Theory U is being used by numerous stakeholders and corporate innovators, and information on how you might become involved with the Presencing Institute.

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Moving beyond Mindfulness: Defining Equanimity as an Outcome Measure in Meditation and Contemplative Research

Equanimity can be defined as an even-minded mental state or dispositional tendency toward all experiences or objects, regardless of their origin or their affective valence (pleasant, unpleasant, or neutral). In this article we propose that equanimity be used as an outcome measure in contemplative research. We first define and discuss the inter-relationship between mindfulness and equanimity from the perspectives of both classical Buddhism and modern psychology and present existing meditation techniques for cultivating equanimity.

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Three Laws of Performance, Discussion Guide

A Blueprint for Conversations that Cause Breakthroughs

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The Science of Leading Yourself

Wiley W. Souba, Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth, Hanover, USA

Integrating research from the language sciences, phenomenology, psychology and neurobiology, this article reviews leading oneself as applied to the healthcare industry. Because this “inward” journey can be alien and disorienting, the Language Leadership Performance Model is helpful in illustrating the relationship between the circumstances the leader is dealing with (the leadership challenge), the context (point of view) the leader brings to that challenge, and the leader’s way of being and acting (the definitive source of the leader’s performance). Using language, effective leaders reframe their leadership challenges such that their naturally correlated ways of being and acting provide them with new opportunity sets for exercising exemplary leadership. Finally, A Heuristic for Leading Oneself is offered as a useful guide as one embarks on this inward journey. Leading oneself is a uniquely human activity— studying it and how it works is a vital piece in solving the health care transformation puzzle.

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We offer the following introduction to the next 6 papers:

Jeffrey D. Ford, Ph.D. is Professor Emeritus of Management of the Max M. Fisher College of Business at The Ohio State University. Laurie Ford, Ph.D. is president of Critical Path Consultants, Inc., a business management consulting firm. As thinkers and authors, Jeffrey and Laurie Ford have provided intellectual material to Zampella Group since 2001 to describe and distinguish the foundations of our ontological learning and coaching model as applied in an organizational context.

Several of their papers have been published in academic journals, presented at academic conferences, and won awards. In 2009, Jeffrey and Laurie Ford authored the book “The Four Conversations,” which we recommend as an essential leadership development text.

The Core Elements of Leadership: Commitment, Courage, and Conversation

by Jeffrey D. Ford, College of Agriculture, The Ohio State University, Summer, 1998

This is the first of two articles by ontological thinker Jeffrey Ford to explore leadership.

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The Challenge of Leadership

by Jeffrey D. Ford and Laurie W. Ford, “The Leadership Challenge” in Models in Nursing and Dietetic Leadership: What Can We Learn from Each Other?, Ross Laboratories, Columbus, OH, 1993.

This second article by Jeffrey and Laurie Ford delves deeper into the ontological factors of leadership.

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Organizational Change As Shifting Conversations

by Jeffrey D. Ford, Journal of Organizational Change Management, 12 (1999), 480-504.

This paper explores producing and managing change within conversationally constructed realities. Conversations are proposed as both the medium and product of reality construction, within which change is a process of shifting conversations in the network of conversations that constitute organizations.

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Resistance and the Background Conversations of Change

by Jeffrey D. Ford, Laurie W. Ford and Randall T. McNamara, Journal of Organizational Change Management, Vol. 15 Issue: 2, pp.105-121, 2002

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Conversations and the Authoring of Change

by Jeffrey D. Ford and Laurie W. Ford, Management and Language: The Manager as a Practical Author, 2002

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Reconstructing Resistance to Change: From Individual to Relationship

by Jeffrey D. Ford. Paper presented at the 2008 Annual Meeting of the Academy of Management, Anaheim, CA. 

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